It’s open season on meat alternatives.
There have been lots of conversations discussing the decline of the market. Some have gone so far as to declare meat alternatives ‘just another food fad’.
After years of consistent double-digit sales growth, it does feel a bit premature of the critics to set aside one of the defining consumer trends of our times.
None of this is to pretend the category isn’t facing challenges. And it’s true, sales of meat alternatives are down.
But let’s put this in perspective.
We have been through a global pandemic and are now experiencing a very real cost-of-living crisis. It’s no surprise that consumers have become more price-conscious and are reverting to familiar choices. This means relatively new categories like plant-based are naturally being impacted.
However, while there has been some contraction, the trend is now stabilising. The chilled sector year-on-year decline has reduced to -6% (latest 12 weeks) vs -6.9% (latest 52 weeks), and the frozen sector is now at -2.5% (latest 12 weeks) vs -5.7% (latest 52 weeks) . Yes, there is decline, but it’s important to point out this isn’t a category in freefall. What’s more reassuring is that whether it’s the chilled or frozen meat alternatives category, the 2023 value sales are well ahead of 2019 levels, which we tend to benchmark against given it was prior to the pandemic spike of take-home food.
We also know, and this is critical to our confidence in plant-based, that the fundamental shopper needs that have driven plant-based over the past decade haven’t changed.
People still want healthier, more sustainable choices, and they want to eat less meat. In fact, 1 in 5 UK households have at least one member following a meat avoidance or reduction diet . But that’s not all, one of the defining factors that is key to unlocking success is creating high quality and great tasting products. Once shoppers know a product delivers on this, they are going to be back for more.
And with just 25% of UK households buying a chilled meat alternative each year, there continues to be a huge opportunity to convert flexitarians to the category.
To unlock this growth, retailers and brands need to focus on four key areas.
The first is innovation. As experts from Kantar , strong NPD is critical if brands want to stop consumers from trading down. This is especially true in a category like meat alternatives, which thrives on excitement and newness like few others.
Our shopper research consistently shows browsing and product discovery are extremely important to consumers who buy into meat alternatives. Cutting back on NPD or reducing space for plant-based products would therefore be the wrong move at the wrong time.
Offering simple but tasty swaps for people’s favourite meals is the second focus for us. Flexitarians aren’t looking to make dramatic changes to their diets – they want to keep their current meal repertoire, just with a bit less meat. However, they will not compromise when it comes to quality or taste.
It’s one of the reasons why we at The Vegetarian Butcher are performing well. We’ve been focused on perfecting the taste and texture of our high-quality chicken alternatives, and in a market where repeat purchase rate has gone down 3% versus the year prior, The Vegetarian Butcher has increased its rate by 10% .
To capture flexitarian shoppers and keep growing sales, we need to offer simple and convenient swaps for everyday dishes that deliver on taste to keep people repeat purchasing. With chicken featuring in 1.4bn meal occasions each year , our range, which includes a variety of cuts and even seasoned options, is a great steppingstone for people who looking to make simple switches without any compromise.
The third area for unlocking growth is nutrition.
What has become apparent over the past 12 months is that many consumers don’t know what goes into plant-based products. At a time when concerns about the nutritional value of products and the ingredients being used are on the rise, this is something the category needs to address head-on.
We can do this by being much more explicit in communicating the nutritional value of meat alternatives. We will be adding the traffic light system to the front of packs so consumers can see nutritional values at a glance. We are also calling out key claims such as ‘high in protein’ and are continuously improving the nutritional quality of our range through product renovations that don’t compromise on taste.
Finally, there’s audience and brand identity. Whether it’s targeting pre-family shoppers or the over-45s, both of whom are important demographics for meat alternatives, carving out a strong brand identity is a big opportunity to set ourselves apart from animal-based products and drive growth.
Meat is a traditional category that’s heavily driven by own label, with limited scope for branding and punchy front-of-pack communication. As a brand-led category, let’s make the most of our ability to engage and excite shoppers.
It’s been a challenging few months for plant-based, but I firmly believe the underlying fundamentals remain as strong as ever. Meat alternatives aren’t going away. In fact, we’re only getting started.